Published mobile site different from designer preview

Hi all! The home page of my portfolio is displaying differently on my designer preview vs on the published mobile site.

The home page is made up of two main divs, but the bottom one has some odd issue that only appears on the published mobile version, in which case the first row of the grid gets cut off. This happens on all browsers I have on my phone (Chrome, Safari, and Arc), but to slightly varying degrees. I’ve used Webflow for years and designed the page responsively but can’t find the bug that’s causing the issue, especially since the bug isn’t appearing on the designer. Any insight would be much appreciated!

Screenshot showing preview in Webflow (no cutoffs):

Screenshot showing display on mobile (top grid row cut off):

Here is my site Read-Only: LINK
Here is my site’s published link (to view the bug on mobile): LINK