An image in my webpage disappears and appears unexpectedly

So I build a webpage and everything was good, until the image from the second section started to disappear, first only from the mobile view, bit then also from the desktop view. I tried to download the image again, but it didn’t help. What can I do?

Here is my site Read-Only: [LINK](Webflow - Team - hub for remote teams)
(how to share your site Read-Only link)