Webflow Publishing Issue

Image and every element breaks down when I publish my site.
Previous Icons and Images still shows up even after I deleted them from the assets.

Please watch my following video on loom which I sent to webflow support to understand the problem:

This is one of the pages you can view:
https://preview.webflow.com/preview/landing-page-8aba47?utm_medium=preview_link&utm_source=designer&utm_content=landing-page-8aba47&preview=4b51c3186bab19d87296119328ae7acc&pageId=6507db4f9323df393eb20002&workflow=preview