Images with blur filter getting cropped in Safari

I’m building a website that contains cards with two types of shadows behind them: one regular box shadow and one image with a blur filter to give the shadow some color.

In Safari, the blurred image becomes cropped in a weird and random way.
It mostly happens on the images you have to scroll down to see, so I’m thinking maybe it could have something to do with the way Safari lazy-loads images?

Greatful for any help. Thanks!

Here is my public share link: Webflow - Gifted Website

I haven’t found elements with shadows in the read only