CMS Images Randomly Stopped Updating via Zapier

Hey Everyone.
I’ve had a zap setup for years to do:
Webflow form submission > Update live CMS item

However, all of a sudden the image fields are the only fields not being updated despite Zapier saying the Zap was ran successfully. When I look at the data in and data out in Zapier, for some reason the Webflow image URL is not being passed to the CMS item. Screenshots attached. Also, “Restrict uploaded file access” is off so that’s not it.

Does anyone know why this is happening all of a sudden and how to potentially get around this? Could really use some help!!

I am having the same exact issue and it started the same time as you. Did you ever find a solution? Thanks.