No, all the collections items are completely identical.
The only way I know to style them differently would be to use custom code and pseudo elements, targetting 1st, 2nd, nth child of a collection list. It has limitations, but depending on what you’re trying to achieve, it could be possible.
Just FYI, when Webflow designers want to have various style within a collection list, they use several collection lists and they work the sorting to make it look like a continuous flow of dynamic items.
For example, check www.larochelle.today : it’s really one list of dynamic content, but it’s using 5 collection lists.